Psychiatric Disorders


Author: Elena Dragioti Background: Insomnia is a major cause of concern in the elderly with and without pain. This study set out to examine the insomnia and its correlates in a large sample of community adults aged ≥65 years. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey was completed by 6205 older individuals (53.8% […]

Insomnia severity and its relationship with demographics, pain features, anxiety, ...




Author: Gunda Musekamp Background: Heart failure (HF) patient education aims to foster patients’ self-management skills. These are assumed to bring about, in turn, improvements in distal outcomes such as quality of life. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that change in self-reported self-management skills observed after […]

Does improvement in self-management skills predict improvement in quality of ...


Author: Kingsley Afeti Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school […]

Prevalence and effect of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on school performance among ...



Author: Lixuan Zhang Background: Despite considerable efforts to encourage participation, even in some developed countries, proportion of patients participating in institution-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs remained sub-optimal. The present study was designed to investigate the acceptability of community health service center (CHSC)-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR), and examine its effectiveness in […]

Community health service center-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary ...


Author: Keith Doram Background: Organizations that encourage the respectful expression of diverse spiritual views have higher productivity and performance, and support employees with greater organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Within healthcare, there is a paucity of studies which define or intervene on the spiritual needs of healthcare workers, or examine […]

Got spirit? The spiritual climate scale, psychometric properties, benchmarking data ...



Author: Christoph Correll Background: Serious mental illnesses are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic comorbidities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiometabolic comorbidity and its association with hospitalization outcomes and costs among inpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Methods: This retrospective database analysis reviewed patients […]

Cardiometabolic comorbidities, readmission, and costs in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: ...


Author: Elizabeth Simms Background: Peanut sensitization does not necessarily indicate clinical peanut allergy, and uncertainty as to whether or not there is true peanut allergy can lead to increased anxiety and decreased quality of life for patients and their families. The gold standard for diagnosing clinical peanut allergy is the […]

Prediction of clinical peanut allergy status among children in Hamilton, ...



Author: Felice Jacka Background: The possible therapeutic impact of dietary changes on existing mental illness is largely unknown. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of a dietary improvement program for the treatment of major depressive episodes. Methods: ‘SMILES’ was a 12-week, parallel-group, single blind, […]

A randomised controlled trial of dietary improvement for adults with ...




Author: Hsin-Bang Leu Background: Either classic or novel biomarkers have not been well investigated for clinical outcomes of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Asian people especially ethnic Chinese. We reported here a prospective national-based follow-up study that aims to elucidate the clinical profiles and to identify the new biosignatures (especially […]

Identification of new biosignatures for clinical outcomes in stable coronary ...


Author: Munyaradzi Madhombiro Background: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In […]

A cluster randomised controlled trial protocol of an adapted intervention ...



Author: Carl-Philipp Jansen Background: Studies on life-space (LS) and its determinants have previously been limited to community-dwelling subjects but are lacking in institutionalized older persons. The purpose of this study was to provide an advanced descriptive analysis of LS in nursing home residents and to identify associated factors based on […]

Life-space and movement behavior in nursing home residents: results of ...


Author: Hans-Christian Deter Background: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. Methods: It was felt that there was a […]

The European Network on Psychosomatic Medicine (ENPM) – history and ...



Author: Hannah Cioltan Background: The use of antipsychotic medications (APMs) in nursing home residents in the U.S. is an increasingly prominent issue and has been associated with increased risk of hospitalization, cardiovascular events, hip fractures, and mortality, among other adverse health events. The Food and Drug Administration has placed a […]

Variation in use of antipsychotic medications in nursing homes in ...


Author: Raymond Chan Cancer survivorship is being increasingly recognized as an important component of cancer care. This commentary reviews the key findings reported in the recent BMC Medicine publication of the ACTION study, which focuses on the health-related quality of life and psychological distress in 5249 cancer survivors in eight […]

A step forward in addressing cancer survivorship in the Asia-Pacific ...



Author: Ans Rensen Background: The quality standards of the Dutch Society of Intensive Care require monitoring of the satisfaction of patient’s relatives with respect to care. Currently, no suitable instrument is available in the Netherlands to measure this. This study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the questionnaire-based Consumer […]

Quality of care in the intensive care unit from the ...




Author: Chunye Wang Background: Depression is a mental disorder characterized by a pervasive low mood and loss of pleasure or interest in usual activities, and often results in cognitive dysfunction. The disturbance of cognitive processes associated with depression, especially the impairment of learning and memory, exacerbates illness and increases recurrence […]

Effect of XingPiJieYu decoction on spatial learning and memory and ...


Author: Sarah Kelly A major feature of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the loss of noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC) projection neurons that mediate attention, memory, and arousal. However, the extent to which the LC projection system degenerates during the initial stages of AD is still under investigation. To address this question, […]

Locus coeruleus cellular and molecular pathology during the progression of ...




Author: Milija Mijajlović Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and […]

Post-stroke dementia – a comprehensive review




Author: Jeroen Trybou Background: To be successful, hospitals must increasingly collaborate with their medical staff. One strategic tool that plays an important role is the mission statement of hospitals. The goal of this research was to study the relationship between the fulfillment of administrative and professional obligations of hospitals on […]

Fulfillment of administrative and professional obligations of hospitals and mission ...