Women’s Health


Author: Elena Dragioti Background: Insomnia is a major cause of concern in the elderly with and without pain. This study set out to examine the insomnia and its correlates in a large sample of community adults aged ≥65 years. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey was completed by 6205 older individuals (53.8% […]

Insomnia severity and its relationship with demographics, pain features, anxiety, ...


Author: Huisu Eom Background: Our study evaluated the effectiveness of the Workers’ General Health Examination by health examination period and compliance. Methods: A retrospective cohort of the health examination participants in 2006 (baseline year: N = 6,527,045) was used. We identified newly occurring cardio-cerebrovascular disease over 7 years (from 2007 to 2013). After […]

Effectiveness of workers’ general health examination in Korea by health ...



Author: Karar Ahsan Background: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition […]

Effects of individual, household and community characteristics on child nutritional ...


Author: Charles Eaton Background: The accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts in articular cartilage has been suggested as an etiologic factor in the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of skin advanced glycation endproducts (sAGEs) measured non-invasively by skin intrinsic fluorescence and the […]

Sex differences in the association of skin advanced glycation endproducts ...



Author: Marius Mbiantcha Background: Rheumatoid arthritis, disease of unknown causes is a rheumatic and autoimmune pathology, recognised for its increasing frequency and its adverse consequences. It is a disease that occurs in most cases between 50 and 60 years and women are more affected than men. This study aimed at […]

Anti-arthritic property of crude extracts of Piptadeniastrum africanum (Mimosaceae) in ...


Author: Giovanni Guaraldi Background: Late presentation (LP) at the time of HIV diagnosis is defined as presentation with AIDS whatever the CD4 cell count or with CD4 <350 cells/mm. The objective of our study was to assess the prevalence of non-infectious comorbidities (NICM) and multimorbidity among HIV-positive individuals with and without […]

Late presentation increases risk and costs of non-infectious comorbidities in ...



Author: Pedro Pallangyo Background: Cardiorenal anemia syndrome (CRAS) is an evolving global epidemic associated with increased morbimortality and cost of care. The management of patients with CRAS remains a challenging undertaking worldwide and the lack of evidence-based clinical guidelines adds to the challenge. We aimed to explore the prevalence and […]

Cardiorenal Anemia Syndrome and Survival among Heart Failure Patients in ...


Author: Seyedamir Taba Background: In this study, we explore the nexus between social networks and expertise development of Australian breast radiologists. Background literature has shown that a lack of appropriate social networks and interaction among certain professional group(s) may be an obstacle for knowledge acquisition, information flow and expertise sharing. […]

Social networks and expertise development for Australian breast radiologists



Author: Sultana Hussain Background: Determining the association between body composition and low back pain (LBP) will improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which obesity affects LBP, and inform novel approaches to managing LBP. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition and LBP intensity […]

Fat mass and fat distribution are associated with low back ...


Author: Thomas White Background: The Slender-billed Parakeet (Enicognathus leptorhynchus) is a psittacine endemic to southern Chile and an obligate secondary cavity-nester. In the central valley of southern Chile, most (94%) of the known Slender-billed Parakeet nests have occurred in large, mature southern beech (Lophozonia obliqua) trees (locally known as “pellines”). […]

Lophozonia tree cavities used for nesting by Slender-billed Parakeets (Enicognathus ...






Author: Hege Henriksen Background: Colorectal cancer survivors are not only at risk for recurrent disease but also at increased risk of comorbidities such as other cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and functional decline. In this trial, we aim at investigating whether a diet in accordance with the Norwegian food-based dietary […]

The Norwegian dietary guidelines and colorectal cancer survival (CRC-NORDIET) study: ...


Author: Luciana Bahia Background: Hypoglycemia is a critical and limiting factor of a good metabolic control and can adversely affect the quality of life of diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life and calculate utilities values associated with hypoglycemia in patients with […]

Health-related quality of life and utility values associated to hypoglycemia ...



Author: Nelli Roininen Background: Breast carcinomas with neuroendocrine features (NEBC) are a very rare entity of mammary neoplasms, WHO classification of which has recently been revised. There are very limited data available about the clinical behaviour and treatment options of NEBC. Methods: We collected retrospectively patients with NEBC from Oulu […]

Primary neuroendocrine breast carcinomas are associated with poor local control ...


Author: Rebecca Greenblatt Background: Asthma, a chronic respiratory disease affecting over 18.7 million American adults, has marked disparities by gender, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Our goal was to identify gender-specific demographic and socioeconomic determinants of asthma prevalence among U.S. adults using data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System (BRFSS) […]

Gender-specific determinants of asthma among U.S. adults




Author: Cory Kwong Background: With improving surgical techniques for total elbow arthroplasty clinical outcomes have improved and its utilization continues to increase. Despite these advances, complication rates remain as high as 24%. Of these complications periprosthetic joint infection is one of the most common and morbid. The rheumatoid elbow remains […]

Fungal periprosthetic joint infection following total elbow arthroplasty: a case ...




Author: Nadia Micali Background: Eating disorders (EDs) are common amongst women; however, no research has specifically investigated the lifetime/12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life (i.e., fourth and fifth decade of life) and the relevant longitudinal risk factors. We aimed to investigate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of […]

Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in ...



Author: Linley Chiwona-Karltun Background: There is increasing awareness of the importance of gender in natural resource management. Especially for communities dependent upon forests for their livelihoods, gender roles and relations can affect access to forest resources, income and food generating activities. As a consequence, gender mediated access to forest products […]

What is the evidence that gender affects access to and ...


Author: Shintaro Sukegawa Background: A fracture of root canal instruments, with a fractured piece protruding beyond the apex, is a troublesome incident during an endodontic treatment. Locating and retrieving them represents a challenge to maxillofacial surgeons because it is difficult to access due to the proximity between the foreign body […]

Use of an intraoperative navigation system for retrieving a broken ...



Author: Jing Wu Background: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is closely linked to the progression of heart failure. There are limited data on the epidemiology of new onset LV remodeling among elderly women, which requires further investigation.MethodWe examined data from a community-based cohort of women aged > 65 years, who had received > 2 echocardiography […]

Incidence and predictors of left ventricular remodeling among elderly Asian ...


Author: The ACTION Study Group Background: A better understanding of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological distress in cancer survivors can raise awareness, promote the development of policies in cancer survivorship care, and facilitate better targeted use of limited resources in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The main objectives […]

Health-related quality of life and psychological distress among cancer survivors ...