Fitness and Nutrition


Author: Punita Sharma Background: In recent years, it has been well documented that gut flora not only influence mosquito physiology, but also significantly alter vector competency. Although, salivary gland and gut constitute key partners of the digestive system, it is still believed that salivary glands may harbor less flora than […]

Salivary glands harbor more diverse microbial communities than gut in ...


Author: Hannah Maria Jennings Background: This paper explores the nature of food and plants and their meanings in a British Bengali urban context. It focuses on the nature of plants and food in terms of their role in home making, transnational connections, generational and concepts of health. Methods: An ethnographic […]

Food, home and health: the meanings of food amongst Bengali ...



Author: Debashree L Ray Background: Gene expression analysis using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is a robust method wherein the expression levels of target genes are normalised using internal control genes, known as reference genes, to derive changes in gene expression levels. Although reference genes have recently been suggested for […]

Validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis in olive ...


Author: Caio Pinho Fernandes Background: Plants have been recognized as a good source of insecticidal agents, since they are able to produce their own defensives to insect attack. Moreover, there is a growing concern worldwide to develop pesticides with low impact to environment and non-target organisms. Hexane-soluble fraction from ethanolic […]

Development of an insecticidal nanoemulsion with Manilkara subsericea (Sapotaceae) extract



Author: Ryosuke Yamada Background: Kojic acid (5-Hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-pyrone) is one of the major secondary metabolites in Aspergillus oryzae. It is widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. The production cost, however, is too high for its use in many applications. Thus, an efficient and cost-effective kojic acid production process would be […]

Aspergillus oryzae-based cell factory for direct kojic acid production from ...


Author: David Westergaard Background: Epidemiological studies in the recent years have investigated the relationship between dietary habits and disease risk demonstrating that diet has a direct effect on public health. Especially plant-based diets -fruits, vegetables and herbs- are known as a source of molecules with pharmacological properties for treatment of […]

Exploring mechanisms of diet-colon cancer associations through candidate molecular interaction ...



Author: Johannes Thome Modern molecular psychiatry benefits immensely from the scientific and technological advances of general neuroscience (including genetics, epigenetics, and proteomics). This "progress" of molecular psychiatry, however, is to a degree "unilateral" and "epiphytic" should the development of the corresponding theoretical frameworks and conceptualization tools that allow contextualization of […]

Decennium of Karl Jaspers's general psychopathology: implications for molecular psychiatry


Author: Tsung-I Chen Background: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) plays a critical role in sleep breathing disorder-associated hippocampus impairments, including neurocognitive deficits, irreversible memory and learning impairments. IH-induced neuronal injury in the hippocampus may result from reduced precursor cell proliferation and the relative numbers of postmitotic differentiated neurons. However, the mechanisms underlying […]

Intermittent hypoxia-induced protein phosphatase 2A activation reduces PC12 cell proliferation ...



Author: Xiao-Dong Ye Background: The gut of phloem feeding insects is critical for nutrition uptake and xenobiotics degradation. However, partly due to its tiny size, genomic information for the gut of phloem feeding insects is limited. Results: In this study, the gut transcriptomes of two species of invasive whiteflies in […]

Transcriptomic analyses reveal the adaptive features and biological differences of ...




Author: Peter J Mark Background: Adverse fetal environments predispose offspring to pathologies associated with the metabolic syndrome. Previously we demonstrated that adult offspring of dexamethasone-treated mothers had elevated plasma insulin and pro-inflammatory cytokines, effects prevented by a postnatal diet enriched with omega (n)-3 fatty acids. Here we tested whether prenatal […]

Rescue of glucocorticoid-programmed adipocyte inflammation by omega-3 fatty acid supplementation ...


Author: Eric R Helms The popularity of natural bodybuilding is increasing; however, evidence-based recommendations for it are lacking. This paper reviewed the scientific literature relevant to competition preparation on nutrition and supplementation, resulting in the following recommendations. Caloric intake should be set at a level that results in bodyweight losses […]

Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: nutrition and supplementation



Author: Muqing Yi Background: Almonds are a healthy tree nut food with high nutrient density. Their consumption has been shown to ameliorate oxidative stress, inflammation, etc. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of almonds on elements of endurance exercise performance in trained athletes. Methods: A 10-week […]

The effect of almond consumption on elements of endurance exercise ...


Author: Tarak K Chheda Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined as a spectrum of conditions ranging from hepatocellular steatosis to steatohepatitis and fibrosis, progressing to cirrhosis, which occur in the absence of excessive alcohol use. Several animal models capture aspects of NAFLD but are limited either in their […]

Fast food diet with CCl4 micro-dose induced hepatic-fibrosis -a novel ...



Author: Qamar A Schuyler Background: There are two predominant hypotheses as to why animals ingest plastic: 1) they are opportunistic feeders, eating plastic when they encounter it as a potential food item, and 2) they eat plastic because it resembles prey items. To assess which hypothesis is most likely, we […]

Mistaken identity? Visual similarities of marine debris to natural prey ...


Author: Daniela Lombardi IntroductionSalmonella enterica is a leading cause of foodborne infections worldwide and includes more than 2500 different serovars, causing primarily gastroenteritis. However, the infection may occur elsewhere and produce characteristic clinical syndromes. Meningitis is a rare complication that occurs in less than 1% of clinical salmonellosis.Case presentationWe describe […]

Salmonella enterica serovar Virchow meningitis in a young man in ...



Author: Rebecca H Bloomer Background: Herbivory imposes an important selective pressure on plants. In Arabidopsis thaliana leaf trichomes provide a key defense against insect herbivory; however, trichome production incurs a fitness cost in the absence of herbivory. Previous work on A. thaliana has shown an increase in trichome density in […]

The genetic architecture of constitutive and induced trichome density in ...


Author: Julia Somers Background: Food involvement is concerned with the involvement people have in the preparation and consumption of food. Little is known about older people’s food involvement or about the factors which may influence it. Therefore the main aim of this study was to examine food involvement and its […]

The association of mavenism and pleasure with food involvement in ...




Author: Livio Oboti Background: Optimal reproductive fitness is essential for the biological success and survival of species. The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is strongly implicated in the display of sexual and reproductive behaviors in female mice, yet the roles that apical and basal vomeronasal neuron populations play in controlling these gender-specific […]

A wide range of pheromone-stimulated sexual and reproductive behaviors in ...



Author: Jeffrey DC Irvine Background: Diogenes syndrome is a behavioural disorder characterized by domestic squalor, extreme self-neglect, hoarding, and lack of shame regarding one’s living condition. Patients may present due to a range of reasons. Recognizing these will allow for earlier management of this high-mortality condition.Case presentation61-year Caucasian female known […]

Recognizing Diogenes syndrome: a case report


Author: Lindsay B Baker Background: We developed a digital dietary analysis tool for athletes (DATA) using a modified 24-h recall method and an integrated, customized nutrient database. The purpose of this study was to assess DATA’s validity and relative validity by measuring its agreement with registered dietitians’ (RDs) direct observations […]

Validity and relative validity of a novel digital approach for ...



Author: Nahla Khamis Ibrahim Background: Nowadays, Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) represents an escalating worldwide public health problem. Providing consistent data on the magnitude and risk factors of CVDs among young population will help in controlling the risks and avoiding their consequences.ObjectiveThe objective was to estimate the prevalence of risk factors of […]

Risk factors of coronary heart disease among medical students in ...


Author: Thorsten Steinmann Background: European and national administrative legislation require objective evaluation systems for organ lesions at pig slaughter. These results can be used as basis for herd health improvement programs by farmers and their consulting veterinarians. Various studies have shown that the current evaluation and recording of lesions by […]

A simplified evaluation system of surface-related lung lesions of pigs ...