Men’s Health


Author: Kerry NL Avery Background: The diagnosis of prostate cancer (PC) can provide a trigger for dietary change, and there is evidence that healthier diets may improve quality of life and clinical outcomes. However, men’s views about dietary change in PC survivorship are largely unknown. This multi-centre qualitative interview study […]

The importance of dietary change for men diagnosed with and ...


Author: Chamberlain C Diala Background: Malaria during pregnancy is dangerous to both mother and foetus. Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) is a strategy where pregnant women in malaria-endemic countries receive full doses of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), whether or not they have malaria. The Nigerian government adopted IPTp as […]

Perceptions of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) ...



Author: Berivan A Yasin Background: Iraqi Kurdistan region is one of the areas where female genital mutilation is reportedly widely practiced but inadequately studied. The aim of this study was to determine (i) the prevalence of female genital mutilation among Muslim Kurdish women in Erbil city, (ii) the patterns and […]

Female genital mutilation among Iraqi Kurdish women: a cross-sectional study ...


Author: Amina Aitsi-Selmi Background: The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as their populations become exposed to obesogenic environments. The transition from an agrarian to an industrial and service-based economy results in important lifestyle changes. Yet different socioeconomic groups may experience and respond to […]

Education is associated with lower levels of abdominal obesity in ...




Author: Jennifer Stewart Williams IntroductionGenerally, men and women of higher socioeconomic status (SES) have better health. Little is known about how socioeconomic factors are associated with changes in health as women progress through mid-life. This study uses data from six survey waves (1996 to 2010) of the Australian Longitudinal Study […]

The impact of socioeconomic status on changes in the general ...



Author: Heitor de Braga Background: The use of ethnoecological tools to evaluate possible damage and loss of biodiversity related to the populations of species under some degree of threat may represent a first step towards integrating the political management of natural resources and conservation strategies. From this perspective, this study […]

Attitudes and local ecological knowledge of experts fishermen in relation ...


Author: Penelope Schofield Background: Women who undergo radiotherapy for gynaecological cancer (GC) can experience distressing side effects which impact on psychosocial functioning and intimate relationships. Cancer-related distress may be ameliorated by comprehensive preparation for treatment and addressing women’s informational, physical, psychological and psychosexual needs. This paper describes the protocol for […]

A nurse- and peer-led support program to assist women in ...



Author: Lily Kumbani Background: Despite Malawi government’s policy to support women to deliver in health facilities with the assistance of skilled attendants, some women do not access this care.ObjectiveThe study explores the reasons why women delivered at home without skilled attendance despite receiving antenatal care at a health centre and […]

Why some women fail to give birth at health facilities: ...


Author: Antonio La Marca Background: The FSH starting dose is usually chosen according to women’s age, anamnesis, clinical criteria and markers of ovarian reserve. Currently used markers include antral follicle count (AFC), which is considered to have a very high performance in predicting ovarian response to FSH. The objective of […]

Individualization of the FSH starting dose in IVF/ICSI cycles using ...



Author: Carlos E Coimbra Background: Although case studies indicate that indigenous peoples in Brazil often suffer from higher morbidity and mortality rates than the national population, they were not included systematically in any previous national health survey. Reported here for the first time, the First National Survey of Indigenous People’s […]

The First National Survey of Indigenous People's Health and Nutrition ...


Author: Zubia Mumtaz While infertility is a global challenge for millions of couples, low income countries have particularly high rates, of up to 30%. Infertility in these contexts is not limited to its clinical definition but is a socially constructed notion with varying definitions. In highly pronatalistic and patriarchal societies […]

Understanding the impact of gendered roles on the experiences of ...



Author: Niva Shapira Women’s evolution for nurturing and fat accumulation, which historically yielded health and longevity advantages against scarcity, may now be counteracted by increasing risks in the obesogenic environment. Increasing awareness of women’s differential metabolism/disease risks, i.e. the major gender dimorphisms in fat accumulation/distribution, exemplified during puberty/adolescence, suggest metabolic […]

Women's higher health risks in the obesogenic environment: a gender ...


Author: Patricia Janssen Background: The prevalence of maternal drug use during pregnancy in North America has been estimated to be as high as 6-10%. The consequences for the newborn include increased risk for perinatal mortality and ongoing physical, neurobehavioral, and psychosocial problems. Methadone is frequently used to wean women off […]

Auricular acupuncture for chemically dependent pregnant women: a randomized controlled ...



Author: Janet Jull Background: Little is known about shared decision-making (SDM) with Metis, First Nations and Inuit women ("Aboriginal women"). SDM is a collaborative process that engages health care professional(s) and the client in making health decisions and is fundamental for informed consent and patient-centred care. The objective of this […]

Shared decision-making and health for first nations, Metis and Inuit ...


Author: Amie Steel Background: There is little known about women’s concurrent use of conventional and complementary health care during pregnancy, particularly consultation patterns with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study examines health service utilisation among pregnant women including consultations with obstetricians, midwives, general practitioners (GPs) and CAM practitioners. Methods: […]

Utilisation of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners within maternity ...



Year in review 2011: <it>Critical Care </it>- Resource Management Author: Pablo Perez d’Empaire Increasing complexity and costs are a fundamental problem in Critical Care Medicine, leading researchers to study opportunities and threats to continue to provide high quality care in a more efficient health system. Over the past decades we […]

Year in review 2011: <it>Critical Care </it>- Resource Management


Adenosine A2A receptor activation reduces recurrence and mortality from Clostridium difficile infection in mice following vancomycin treatment Author: Yuesheng Li Background: Activation of the A2A adenosine receptor (A2AAR) decreases production of inflammatory cytokines, prevents C. difficile toxin A-induced enteritis and, in combination with antibiotics, increases survival from sepsis in mice. […]

Adenosine A2A receptor activation reduces recurrence and mortality from Clostridium ...



High-density surface EMG maps from upper-arm and forearm muscles Author: Monica Rojas-Martínez Background: sEMG signal has been widely used in different applications in kinesiology and rehabilitation as well as in the control of human-machine interfaces. In general, the signals are recorded with bipolar electrodes located in different muscles. However, such […]

High-density surface EMG maps from upper-arm and forearm muscles


Sepsis as a major determinant of outcome in critically ill HIV/AIDS patients: don't forget acute kidney injury Author: José Lopes Dear Editor,We have read with interest the manuscript by Japiassu and colleagues (1) in which severe sepsis was analyzed as a major determinant of outcome of critically ill human immunodeficiency […]

Sepsis as a major determinant of outcome in critically ill ...



Hiding in plain view: the potential for commonly used drugs to reduce breast cancer mortality Author: Michelle D Holmes Many medications have been developed for one purpose, but then are found to have other clinical activities. There is tremendous interest in whether non-cancer medications may potentially have effects on breast […]

Hiding in plain view: the potential for commonly used drugs ...




The impact of multiple chronic diseases on ambulatory care use; a population based study in Ontario, Canada Author: Elizabeth Muggah Background: The prevalence of multiple chronic diseases is increasing and is a common problem for primary health care providers. This study sought to determine the patient and health system burden […]

The impact of multiple chronic diseases on ambulatory care use; ...


mCOPA: analysis of heterogeneous features in cancer expression data Author: Chenwei Wang Background: Cancer outlier profile analysis (COPA) has proven to be an effective approach to analyzing cancer expression data, leading to the discovery of the TMPRSS2 and ETS family gene fusion events in prostate cancer. However, the original COPA […]

mCOPA: analysis of heterogeneous features in cancer expression data