Simian B Virus Infection


Author: Natali Navarro Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent in Asian immigrants in the USA. California’s Inland Empire region has a population of approximately four million, including an estimated 19,000 first generation Koreans. Our aim was to screen these adult individuals to establish HBV serological diagnoses, educate, and […]

Lower than expected hepatitis B virus infection prevalence among first ...


Author: Rooyen T Mavenyengwa Background: Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), syphilis, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are infections which are common in some communities in Southern Africa. It is important to screen blood donations for these infections. Methods: This is a […]

Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis, hepatitis B and C ...



Author: Beatrice Mukami Muriuki Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infections among HIV-1 infected individuals are growing worldwide health problems characterized by lack of effective vaccines, need for expensive treatment, chronicity of morbidity and associated mortality. Their prevalence and distribution patterns continue to vary across geographical […]

Prevalence of hepatitis B and C viral co-infections among HIV-1 ...


Author: Guangyu Xu Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health problem. The infectious virion contains an inner "core particle", which is made of 180 or 240 copies of core protein, alternatively known as hepatitis B core antigen, or HBcAg which encloses the viral genome.MethodIn this study, […]

An analysis of the molecular evolution of Hepatitis B viral ...



Author: Yanning Liu Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by high chemotherapy resistance; however, the underlying mechanism has not been fully clarified. In addition, HBx protein has been reported to play a key role in virus-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the role […]

Interferon-alpha sensitizes HBx-expressing hepatocarcinoma cells to chemotherapeutic drugs through inhibition ...


Author: Xian-Hua Xu AimTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of Entecavir (ETV) plus adefovir (ADV) for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients after multiple nucleos(t)ide analogue (NAs) failure treatment. Methods: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who had a suboptimal response or developed resistance to two or more previous NAs treatments […]

Entecavir plus adefovir rescue therapy for chronic hepatitis B patients ...



Author: Yali Hu Background: Many clinicians and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected pregnant women prefer elective caesarean section (ECS) to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HBV, since some studies found higher transmission of HBV in infants born by vaginal delivery (VD) than by cesarean section. However, other studies showed that ECS does […]

Effect of elective cesarean section on the risk of mother-to-child ...


Author: Habtie Tesfa Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HBV) infections accounts for substantial proportions of the world wide liver disease. The two hepatotropic virus share common modes of transmission and their co-infection are common. Patients with dual HBV and HCV infection have more severe liver disease […]

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infection among patients ...



Author: Olatunji M Kolawole Background: The transmission of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is parenteral, sexual and perinatal. Prevention of vertical transmission of HBV is extremely important because HBV infection in early life usually results in a chronic carrier State. Methods: A descriptive seroepidemiological study of hepatitis B virus and […]

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigenemia and its effects on ...


Author: Caroline F Shafik Background: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are responsible for a considerable number of deaths among children, particularly in developing countries. In Egypt and the Middle East region, there is a lack of data regarding the viral causes of LRTI. In this study, we aimed to identify […]

Viral etiologies of lower respiratory tract infections among Egyptian children ...